Health & Fitness

The Difference Between Depression and Major Depression

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Depression is a lasting feeling of hopelessness and loss of interest in daily activities, which completely prevents you from performing your usual activities. Various kinds of depression exist, with varying symptoms which range from fairly minor to severely debilitating. The sort of depression you experience is mostly dependent on the changes in your lifestyle. As an example, some types of depression are brought about by hormonal fluctuations, traumatic events or changes in your life style. Depression can also be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain, by a low concentration of serotonin (an important neurotransmitter) or by an excess of cortisol (a hormone that causes depression). It may be triggered by an assortment of other factors also.

psychotherapist Ontario

Psychotherapist Ontario explains that in most cases of mild depression, the triggers are established when the body’s chemistry is imbalanced. Your nerve cells which surround your mind have various chemical compositions. Occasionally these chemical compositions are in a state of discrepancy, which contributes to a reaction which makes the cells fire in a manner that’s inappropriate for the type of environment they were born for. This in turn creates a depression-like mood in your body. A person suffering from this sort of depression can sometimes recognize he or she is depressed, but is not able to bring about an end to the chemical imbalance, so the depression persists.

Major depression, on the other hand, is characterized by symptoms which are more severe and that significantly interfere with the victim’s capacity to function normally. Symptoms of major depression include persistent feelings of sadness or lack of moodiness, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, inability to concentrate, sleep disturbance, incapacity to self-care and constant thoughts about death and suicide. The depressed mood can be expressed by symptoms like restlessness, constant fatigue or sleepiness, irritability, muscle tension and difficulty thinking. So as to be diagnosed with this kind of depression, the individual must display four or more symptoms for a minimum of two weeks.

When someone suffers from major depression, the neural nerve cells send out a message to the rest of the body, telling them that something isn’t right. This communication from the gloomy nerve cells is sent to the entire body, telling them that something is wrong with their brain chemistry. The symptoms in the body depend on which area of the brain sends the message. Because the brain controls both the physiological and psychological processes in the body, if one part of the brain is not functioning, the entire body will suffer, as will the nerve cells and the messages will probably continue.

Some of the physical symptoms of depression that people tend to relate to are digestive problems, nausea, insomnia and sleep problems. There may also be physical symptoms like blurred vision, palpitations, hot flashes, sweating, loss of appetite or weight gain, frequent urination and nausea. These physical symptoms are telling the individual that there’s something wrong with his or her body chemistry and that he or she needs to take action to fix the circumstance. In some cases, anti-depressant medications may be prescribed to help those who are suffering from depression. But it is important to note that a physician should only prescribe these drugs when a proper diagnosis for depression has been made and if the depression is still within the patient’s normal variety of emotions.

Major depression affects everyone at some point in their lives and there is no reason why anybody should have to suffer alone. If you suspect that you or someone you love may be suffering from depression, there are lots of treatment options available now that can help you get over the obstacles that depression can cause. Depression symptoms are extremely similar to the symptoms experienced by most people and the sooner the symptoms are identified and treated, the better the chances for the patient to recuperate. Depression doesn’t have to control your life; you deserve to live it to the fullest, so treat your depression now.

Diana Saleem

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